Technical fabrics

Technical fabrics and their use

Fabrics accompany man since the dawn of time and are related to almost every field of life. We can distinguish utility, decorative, and also technical fabrics. What characterizes technical fabrics? Where are technical fabrics used and what are their types? We answer all of these questions in our article.

Technical fabrics, so really what?

Technical fabrics, also known as industrial fabrics, are fabrics possessing special properties and such which can be used in difficult conditions. Technical fabrics can be used for constructions, industrial works, the military, health services, and in other fields of life.
They are made from special materials (usually synthetic ones). The material may differ depending on the product’s target purpose. Technical fabrics may be additionally impregnated which increase their properties.

Where are technical fabrics used?

Technical fabrics are used depending on their properties. They are often found in health services where they are used as clothing for the medical or emergency staff.
In the industry they are used as insulators, membranes, and compensators. They are also used to manufacture protective clothing and curtains.
The military uses technical fabrics for tents, tarpaulins, or backpacks.
Furthermore, they often constitute the insulation of electrical and heating systems. They are perfect for wire and hose coverings, but also as thermo-insulation.
Apart from specialist use we can also find them in many elements which surround us every day. Technical fabrics are used to manufacture awnings, canopies, tents, gloves, fire blankets, backpacks, traveling bags, curtains, or covers.

What are the types of technical fabrics?

Technical fabrics may be divided depending on their purpose and the material from which they are made.
The most popular technical fabrics include:

  • Glass fabrics,
  • Ceramic fabrics,
  • Tarp fabrics,
  • Aramid fabrics,
  • Membrane fabrics,
  • Silicate fabrics,
  • Polyamide fabrics,
  • Polyester fabrics.

Technical fabrics stand out with their resistance to high temperatures, moisture, electrical conductivity, and chemical or biological factors. They are durable, as well as resistant to piercing and cutting. They properly insulate heat and protect against wind. They protect against burning and mechanical damages.


Technical fabrics do not have to be necessarily used in the industry. They also work perfectly in every-day life. They constitute the basic building block of such items as: awnings, tourist bags, backpacks, tents, or cabriolet roofs.
They are used everywhere where difficult conditions appear. Technical fabrics perfectly insulate heat and protect against wind. They do not conduct electricity and additionally are resistant to the effects of high temperatures, moisture, and chemical factors. Depending on their purpose they are made from various materials – most often synthetic ones.