upholstery fabrics

Upholstery fabrics – a short characteristic

Upholstery fabrics play a very significant role. They initially emphasize the character of a given interior, and have an esthetic purpose. However, what is also significant are their acoustic properties which acquire special significance in cinemas, theaters, and concert halls.
So how to properly select an upholstery fabric? What guidelines to follow and what parameters to consider?

Types of upholstery fabrics

You can find a number of upholstery fabrics. Starting with plush and ending with eco-leather. Such fabrics are primarily used as coverings for couches, sofas, armchairs, and chairs.
They are also successfully used as curtains, drapes, coverlets, and other decorative elements.
Let us take a closer look and see what are the characteristics of upholstery fabrics:

  • Plush – it’s a soft, fluffy, and pleasant to the touch fabric which is at the same time abrasion resistant and easy to maintain.
  • Velour – it’s a type of plush, also soft to the touch and with a delicate surface. Simple, easy to use and clean. It stands out with a high abrasion resistance thanks to which it can be used for furniture upholstery or manufacturing clothes.
  • Jacquard – a double-sided decorative fabric. It stands out with its high weight and quality.
  • Chenille – a soft and at the same time thick fabric. Visually it resembles fine corduroy. Very durable and easy to keep clean.
  • Alcantara – a durable yet soft fabric similar to suede. Very easy to clean.
  • Microfiber – a synthetic and shiny fabric. Very soft to the touch and elastic.
  • Flock – a synthetic fabric similar to velvet. Remarkably delicate to the touch and yet abrasion resistant.
  • Artificial leather – a synthetic fabric resembling real leather. Quite durable and at the same time waterproof and easy to clean.

What parameters should be met by upholstery fabrics?

Upholstery fabrics should be easy to maintain, abrasion resistant, and at the same time esthetic. They usually undergo multiple tests which verify their properties. Their resistance to tearing, stretching, light, and rubbing is tested.
Furthermore, upholstery fabrics are very often tested in terms of their impact on health. Their flammability is also tested (especially important in public utility facilities) as is the manner of their maintenance and cleaning.


When selecting upholstery fabrics let us primarily consider how will they be used. Highly intense use requires selecting durable fabrics which are abrasion resistant but at the same time easy to maintain. Here, plush might be the perfect choice. It is also worth to check the flammability level of the selected fabric.
Let us also not forget about the esthetics. Upholstery fabrics should be attractive, soft to the touch, and elastic. Only then will they emphasize the character of a given interior. We can find a number of upholstery fabrics on the market, so we shouldn’t have a problem to select one.