fire retardant fabrics
Fabrics

What are fire retardant fabrics and where is it worth to use them?

Are you running a hotel, restaurant, or cinema? Or perhaps you are managing a public utility facility? If so then you have to use fire retardant fabrics in your building. This results directly from the fire safety regulations.
Fire retardant fabrics are a type of special fabrics characterized by a high resistance to fire. Thanks to this they ensure a high level of safety. At the same time they are aesthetic and perfectly emphasize the character of a given room. So, where is it worth to use fire retardant fabrics and how to choose them?


Fire retardant fabrics

In order for a fabric to be considered as fire retardant it must meet certain norms, meaning the DIN 4102 norms. In reference to fabrics there are three flammability classifications: B1, B2, and B3.
B1 stands for fire retardant fabrics, B2 normally flammable fabrics, and B3 for easily flammable fabrics. Only purchasing a fire retardant fabric guarantees you safety and minimizes the risk of the fire spreading.
Fire retardant fabrics do not catch fire but melt when coming in contact with flames. At the same time they do not produce hazardous or volatile substances which could fuel the fire.
Fire retardant fabrics are made from cotton, cotton mixed with polyester, or polyester. They may be additionally impregnated which increases their efficiency and fire safety.

Where is it worth to use fire retardant fabrics?

In accordance with the Regulation of the Minister of Infrastructure concerning the technical conditions which have to be met by buildings and their locations, fire retardant fabrics must be included in all public utility facilities.
They will work perfectly primarily in:

  • cinemas,
  • theatres,
  • restaurants,
  • offices,
  • museums,
  • galleries,
  • hotels,
  • schools,
  • universities,
  • hospitals,
  • indoor markets,
  • and other.

The above mentioned regulation clearly indicates that all curtains, blinds, drapes, or shutters must meet certain norms and be made from fire retardant materials.
Furthermore, remember that in public utility buildings you cannot use materials which are toxic or strongly fuming.
Also, take into consideration that when the Fire Department accepts the building it also verifies whether the textiles possess proper certificates.

Advantages of fire retardant fabrics

Fire retardant fabrics minimize the risk of a fire spreading. Thus, they allow for an efficient and safe evacuation. Furthermore, they minimize material losses. At the same time they are pleasant to the eye and easy to maintain.
Moreover, the wide range of possible uses results in that they work perfectly as drapes, curtains, upholstery, wall coverings, or even awnings.

How to take care of fire retardant fabrics?

Fire retardant fabrics are easy to maintain and keep clean. They do not require using specialist cleaning agents, can be washed in a washing machine, and ironed using a typical iron. Washed in a machine they basically do not wrinkle and they maintain their initial form.
Furthermore, they are characterized by being highly resistant to heavy use. They are resistant to abrasions and sunlight. They do not rot or go mouldy. The simplicity and easiness of maintenance translates directly into the low-cost use of fire retardant fabrics.

Summing up

If you are managing a public utility building you have to use fire retardant fabrics. Make sure that they meet the rigorous norms and possess the B1 certificate. That is the highest level of fire safety.
You can find many fabrics resistant to the effects of fire on the market, which are most often made from cotton and polyester. They will work perfectly as drapes, curtains, upholstery, or wall coverings. They are easy to maintain, as well as resistant to light and chemical agents. They maintain their properties for a long time.